Chalo farmers protest march in New Delhi: See who is protesting and the farmers who caused this situation surround the capital in all directions.
Since September, anger over the three central farm legislation has been brewing. In the past three days, thousands of farmers from Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh are moving towards the capital and are approaching the border.
After failing to obtain the support of their respective state governments, the farmers decided to put pressure on the coalition government, so they came to Delhi. Although the BJP governments of UP and Haryana failed to persuade the farmers, the governments of Rajasthan and Punjab have provided full support for their agitation. Farmers hope that the federal government will revoke these three pieces of legislation or introduce new laws to guarantee its minimum support prices (MSP) for crops.
Gurnam Singh Chaduni led the protesters from Haryana. Gurnam participated in the 2019 parliamentary elections in the Ladwa constituency of Kurukshetra, but only received 1,307 votes. However, he was very active in raising the issue of farmers and triggered several protests throughout the state. Soon after the central government announced the three farm bills, he once again became the focus of attention. Gurnam is facing several criminal cases for leading protests and causing public security chaos.
In addition to Gurnam, several national and regional agricultural trade unions composed of many leaders also united in the name of Samyukt Kisan Morcha.
These include Rashtriya Kisan Mazdoor Sanghatan led by VM Singh; Jai Kisan Andolan led by Avik Saha and Dr Ashish Mital; the entire Indian Kisan Mazdoor Sabha led by V Venkataramaiah; and Dr Ashok Dhawal, Hannan Mollah, Atul Kumar Anjaan and Bupinder Samber All India Kisan Sabha; Krantikari Kisan Alliance led by Dr. Darshan Pal; BKU (Da Kaunda) led by Jagmohan Singh; ASHA-Kisan Swaraj led by Kavitha Kuruganti and Kiran Vissa; Cardinati · Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha led by Kodihalli Chandrasekhar; National People’s Movement League led by Medha Patkar; Lok Sangharsh Morcha led by Pratibha Shinde; Rajaram Singh and Premsingh Gehlawat led Kisan Mahasabha throughout India; Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana led by Raju Shetti; Sangtin Kisan Mazdoor Sanghatan led by Richa Singh; Jamhoori Kisan Sabha led by Satnam Singh Ajnala; led by Satyawan All India Kisan Khet Mazdoor Sanghatan; Kisan Sangharsh Samiti led by Dr Sunilam; Terai Kisan Sabha led by Tajinder Singh Virk; Jai Kisan Andolan led by Yogendra Yadav.
Other organizations include BKU (Rayawar) led by Balbir Singh Rajewal; BKU (Chaduni) led by Gurnam Singh Chadhuni; Rampal Chahal (Rampal Chahal) Ganna Sangharsh Samiti (Bhadson) led by Ganna Sangharsh Samiti; Ganna Sangharsh Samiti in Sahjadpur led by Vinod Rana; Kisan Sangharsh Samiti led by Satyawan Danoda; Rashtriya Kisan Mahasangh; and several factions of Peking University and Peking University (Ugrahan) led by Joginder Singh Ugrahan.
In the recent affidavits of the High Courts of Punjab and Haryana on the prevention of the arrest of several leaders, the government of Haryana stated that most of these groups were “carrying out criminal activities, creating security problems, and disrupting public peace and history. Organization. Order.”
Farmers stood on the flyover under construction, watching the attempts of the farmers set up by security personnel to remove the concrete barriers to prevent their protest march to Delhi in Sonpat, Haryana.
Delhi Chalo Parade: Why are the farmers angry?
The farmers did not accept the three new legislation. Farmers (grant and protection) price guarantee agreements; and farm services and basic commodities (amendments).
They believe that the law will open up agricultural sales and markets for farmers outside of the notified Agricultural Market Committee (APMC) manual, remove interstate trade barriers, and provide a framework for electronic agricultural trade.
Since the state government will not be able to collect market fees, tariffs or taxes in markets other than the APMC market, farmers believe that the law will gradually terminate the Mandy system, and farmers are at the mercy of companies
Farmers believe that the removal of the Mandy system will end the guaranteed crop procurement on MSP. Similarly, farmers believe that price guarantee legislation can provide farmers with protection against price exploitation, but will not provide for a price fixing mechanism.
Farmers require the government to guarantee MSP in writing, otherwise, free assistance to private companies’ houses will lead to their exploitation. The friendship and bond between arhtiyas (agents) and farmers can be traced back decades. On average, there are at least 50-100 farmers in each arhtiya, who are responsible for farmers’ financial loans and ensure timely procurement and appropriate prices for their crops. Farmers believe that the new law will terminate their relationship with these agents, and companies will not sympathize with them when needed.
How did things escalate to this situation?
The farmers of Punjab and Haryana are known for their firm attitude. Any use of force by the state will further anger them. In October, one month after the center promulgated three agricultural legislations, Vidhan Sabha of Punjab convened a special meeting, which not only rejected the law with a unanimous resolution, but also passed three agricultural amendments to remove Punjab from the central government. Deleted from the scope of the law.
After Punjab did so, farmers in Haryana also sought government support. However, since no response was received, the farmers camped outside the residence of Sirsa with Dushyant Chautala, deputy governor of the camp, and Ranjit Chautala, Minister of Electricity.
Dushyant and his party, the Jannayak Janata Party (JJP), have always called themselves the Peasant Party and have a major vote bank among the rural population. However, Dushyant also supports the People’s Party and supports three central agricultural legislation.
Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar held talks with certain farmers’ unions but failed to persuade them to comply with the new central law. When farmers realized that the Haryana state government would not help them, they decided to march on Delhi and put pressure on the coalition government.
Also in September, farmers led by Peking University President Gurnam Singh Chaduni blocked the Ambala-Delhi National Highway for more than three hours. The police prosecuted the protesters with cane and criminally prosecuted them, including conviction for murder, which further angered the farmers, who subsequently called for “Drihilo”.
In Haryana, all parties except the ruling BJP and its ally BJP are supporting farmers’ protests. The Congress led by Bhupinder Singh Hooda and INLD led by Abhay Chautala openly supported farmers’ agitation. It suits the opposition in Haryana State, constantly criticizing the BJP on the issue of farmers, and exerting pressure on the BJP to withdraw from the alliance.
In the recent Baroda vote, inciting peasants’ sentiments has already yielded results for Congress. Although the BJP and BJP injected all the power, the ruling coalition failed to win.
On the other hand, Punjab is a country ruled by the Congress led by Captain Amarind Singh. The main opposition party, Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), led by Sukhbir Singh Badal, has shown support to farmers, and Harsimrat Badal has even resigned from his ministerial seat.
Farmers in Punjab have received strong support from the ruling and opposition parties. This is why farmers in Punjab continue to protest and block the railway and road network because the state government provides them with full support.
The center and the Haryana state government failed to convince farmers at all. Despite assurances from Prime Minister Narendra Modi, several federal ministers and Haryana CM Khattar, farmers still refused to accept the legislation. The BJP’s efforts, from social media activities to tractor rallies, have persuaded farmers to fail badly.
Farmers in Punjab, Haryana protest: what can you expect now?
As the farmers were determined to enter Delhi and set up camp in Delhi, the situation was extremely turbulent. The farmers’ food rations can last for several months, and there is no mood to look back. The use of force by the state may result in a major disruption of law and order.
However, the Bharatiya Janata Party in Haryana is stuck in 22 rounds. To enter Delhi, farmers must cross the territory of Haryana. The Haryana government failed to prevent the influx of farmers from Rajasthan and Punjab (states ruled by Congress). The ruling party in Haryana cannot withstand the interruption of other laws and order, because during its first term of office, it suffered huge losses in the 2019 General Assembly polls due to such incidents. Unless there is Khattar and Anil Vij, the entire cabinet is cleared.
Between 2014 and 2019, Haryana witnessed three major law and order situations: Jat incited and killed more than 30 people; arrested the chief Dera Sacha Sauda (Dera Sacha Sauda) Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh (Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh), during which more than 41 people were killed; and the self-styled clergyman Rampal (Rampal) was arrested, of which seven were killed . Under the current circumstances, the police have used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the angered farmers, but both methods have failed.